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Black–Scholes equation; volatility; controllability; observability; Carleman estimates
In this paper we discuss the exact null controllability of linear as well as nonlinear Black–Scholes equation when both the stock volatility and risk-free interest rate influence the stock price but they are not known with certainty while the control is distributed over a subdomain. The proof of the linear problem relies on a Carleman estimate and observability inequality for its own dual problem and that of the nonlinear one relies on the infinite dimensional Kakutani fixed point theorem with $L^2$ topology.
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